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Forest Protection and Enforcement Division

The Forest Protection & Enforcement Division (FPED) was one of the earliest Functional Divisions under the Department of Forests. It was created sometime in 1991, then called Forest Protection & Land Use Section (FPLUS) and was entrusted with the challenge of protecting the nations vast forests and at the same time, sustainable utilization of forest resources & land management by ensuring an effective system of monitoring, regulating & adequate allocation of forest resources in collaboration with other relevant agencies like Territorial Divisions, Parks, FDCL, etc. FPLUS was renamed as FPUD in 2000.

Objective: ensuring forest protection, sustainable management & utilization of land & forest resources.


  • responsible for dealing with forest land allotment/swapping, leasing, mining, quarrying, forest clearance & encroachment in collaboration with relevant agencies
  • monitoring & assessing the supply of forest produce (timber, firewood, fencing posts, sands, stones, boulder) for rural use
  • coordinating & assessing allotment of stone, sand by way of surface collection
  • providing arbitration services
  • coordinating for land demarcation in collaboration with relevant agencies
  • coordinating with RNRC and territorial divisions/parks on forest epidemics (pest & diseases)
  • assist dealing on forest offence court cases
  • monitoring and assessing impacts of poaching/hunting and other illegal activities.
  • maintaining database on protection of forest & wildlife, forest fire, land use and forest resource utilization.
  • monitoring timber transaction under Territorial Divisions and Parks.
  • preparing anti-poaching coordination plans in consultation with field divisions/parks.
  • assuming any other responsibilities on the instruction of the Head of the Department

Forest Protection

A. Forest Litigation-functions:

  • to back up illegal forest offence cases in the court
  • to strengthen FNCR in line with other judiciary norms
  • defend/represent the Ministry/Department against any civil & criminal accusation

B. Forest Epidemics-functions:

  • provide general information generated by Research Centers on the common forest pests & diseases
  • combat pest & disease problems in consultation with the Research Centers
  • compile data on forest pest & diseases & prepare remedial measures to prevent any outbreaks in consultation with the research centers
  • provide information linkage between the field units and the Head Quarter ( DoF )

C. Anti-Poaching:

  • coordinate and mobilize staffs to sensitive place during the peak poaching season, i.e. to south during winters and to north in summers
  • compile and analyze anti poaching reports of all territorial divisions and parks on a regular basis.
  • to adopt a “Programme Approach” to Anti-poaching in the country, by “Developing an anti-poaching Data-base and Monitoring System in Bhutan”.
  • Organize Sensitization Workshops on Anti-poaching Programme for the field staff time to time

Forest Utilization

The Section plays a vital role in maintaining uniformity of allocation of natural resources throughout the country in a sustainable basis. Its functions are:

  • coordinate issuance of permit with regards to rural, urban monastery, dzong construction purposes
  • monitoring before processing & approval of any forest resource allotment
  • oversee issuance of permit for timber for rural & commercial purposes
  • observe timber auction procedure & results thereafter
  • oversee export/import of forest produce
  • coordinate/deal all issues/cases pertaining to minor forest produces
  • compilation & analysis of forest resources utilization data

Forest Land Use

The Land Use Section is mandated to appropriately see that the GRF lands are allotted properly in line with the existing Acts, Rules and regulations. Land use of GRFs is usually in the form of land allotment, land substitution, land lease, mining, quarrying, etc. Its main functions are:

  • liaise with the Territorial Divs. (land acquisition, lease, exchange, allotment, forest clearance) for land allotment for any purpose.
  • monitoring (study/review of field report) before processing & approval of any land clearances.
  • coordinate in issuance of forestry clearances for GRF lands to be used for mining, quarrying & other purpose.
  • conduct field verification.
  • maintain database on forest land allotted for various purposes & analysis of data.

Forest Fire Management

Its functions are:

  • design & implement a nationally coordinated forest fire awareness program & enhancing people’s awareness about forest fire.
  • analyze data on forest fire of the country & propose appropriate measures to minimize forest fire incidence.
  • develop a National Fire Prevention Strategy
  • provide technical backstopping to the Dzongkhag Forestry Sector & Divisions/Parks for effective forest fire management.
  • conduct training programmes for field staff of Territorial Divs, Dz. Forestry Sectors, Parks &anp; farmers in fire suppression.
  • develop technical manuals of forest fire management for Dz. Forestry Sector, Territorial Divisions/Parks.
  • procure & distribute basic forest fire fighting equipments & demonstrating their application to field staffs
  • ensure training modules & impart training on forest fire fighting for armed force personnel
  • support Dz. Forestry Sector, Territorial Forest Divs. & Parks in educating rural people on rules & regulations pertaining to forest fires
  • liaise with media in informing & educating the public
  • Conduct training, awareness programmes, workshops, etc for the forest fire volunteers under the Forest Fire Volunteers Programme