Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary
In 1974 RGOB created the Jigme Dorji Wildlife Sanctuary to protect the alpine and subalpine ecosystem of the eastern Himalayas in Bhutan. This park covered the whole northern part of Bhutan including the present northern half of the present Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary. Subsequent reviews of protected area system (Mahat, 1986; MacKinnon, 1986; Blower, 1998) indicated a need for the protection of the full range of natural ecosystem found between the Indian plains and the high Himalayas, specifically in the temperate zone. In 1993, an application for notification of the revised protected areas system for Bhutan was produced. It included the Kulong chhu Wildlife Sanctuary and the Bumdeling conservation area. The final application for notification (gazettement) modified the boundaries of the Kulong chhu Wildlife Sanctuary to include most of the Bumdeling conservation area and the 1182 km2 was gazetted on 7 December 1994. In the same year the name was changed to Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary.
The Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Northeastern part of Bhutan covering an area of 1520.61 km with 420km sq. of buffer zones ecosystem parts of Trashiyangtse, Lhuntse and Mongar Dzongkhag. It shares international border with China (Tibetan province) in the north and India and Arunachal Paradesh in the North East. It was established in 1995 in order to protect large areas of virtually untouched Eastern Himalayan ecosystem ranging from warm broadleaved forest to Alpine meadows and scree slopes. The sanctuary area ranges from an altitude of 1500 m in the Sheri chhu to over 6400m in the north. The area is mountainous and is dissected by steep sided valleys. The three main rivers in the park are the Kulong chhu in the East, the Khoma chhu in the West and Sheri chhu in the South.
In 1995-1996, Nature Conservation Section of the Department of Forest carried out socio-economic and Participatory Rural Appraisal survey in and around the sanctuary. Finding the need to have a proper management of the sanctuary the Nature Conservation Division has proposed and established Sanctuary head quarter in December 1998 at Chorten Cora in Tashi Yangtse.
Presently the management has five functional units at head quarter, Integrated Conservation Development Program (ICDP), Research Evaluation and Monitoring (REMO), Inventory and Data management Unit (IDAM), Forest Protection and Utilization Unit (FPU) and EEA Environmental Extension and Awareness Unit. The three field Ranges in three Dzongkhags created and taken over at a gap of two years, Dungzam Park range established in 2000, Khoma Park range established in 2002 and Serzhong Park range established in 2004.
Vision & Misssion: The overall vision, mission and mandates of the sanctuary is to conserve the ecological integrity of the high and medium altitude ecosystems and religious sites of the sanctuary and at the same time giving due importance to the catering socio-economic needs of the local people of the sanctuary.
Mandates: To ensure that all the planned activities of the sanctuary is carried out and implemented in time
SPECIES CONSERVATION AND RESEARCH UNIT
- Main unit that oversees all biodiversity researches and studies in the parks.
- Information basket of resources (plant and animal) available in the park
- Main unit to monitor the conservation status of the flora and fauna in the park
- Focal unit for Environmental Impact Assessment of activities inside the park
- Direct counterpart of the Species Research, Evaluation and Monitoring (SCREAM) Section of NCD
- Should coordinate biodiversity researches in the park
- Compile and report research findings to the Park Management.
- Should assess and monitor the population status of floral and faunal species
- Monitor the habitat quality and status of the globally endangered, rare and endemic species of animals
- Monitor the conservation of niche habitat like the Black-necked Crane feeding and roosting areas
- Update species listings of flora and fauna spotted in the park
- Initiate anti-poaching strategies and activities in the park.
- Should play lead role in the management zoning of park resources
- Should conduct the EIA of any activities inside and around the park
- Should accompany the PRO staffs in field surveys for the alignment of road, transmissions lines, irrigation channels, etc.
- Conduct the inventory of timber and non-timber resources in the multiple resources use zone of the park to find out Annual Allowable Cut (AAC) that will serve as basis for allotment of such resources to the communities
INVENTORY AND DATA MANAGEMENT UNIT
- The information and data bank of the park
- The focal Unit for GIS and remote sensing
- The direct counterpart of the Forestry Information System (FIMS), DoF
- Focal unit for monitoring and evaluation of park activities
- Lead role in park newsletter and brochure publication
- Create a Park Based Information System (PBIS) that will serve as the database of the park
- Analyze the relevant information about the park management from the compiled data
- Should update the GIS & Remote Sensing information about the park
- Submit reports and information as and when needed by FIMS and other agencies
- Monitor the progress and status of activities implemented by the park using ASMEP and other programs
- Coordinate the Quarterly Internal Coordination Meetings and inform the Units and PROs in advance
FOREST MANAGEMENT & UTILIZATION UNIT
- Issue of household timber permit
- Issue of fuel wood permit to 3 PROs
- Focal unit to look after Land clearance
- Focal unit to look after forestry clearance
- Issue of permits on handicraft, woodchip, sand and boulder
- Inspection of range activity
- Focal unit to conduct the Cordyceps awareness meeting
- Conduct awareness on FNCR 2006 in the park
ICDP & EXTENSION UNIT
- Prime unit to oversee all socio-economic activities in the park.
- Focal unit to look after all ICDP activities within park
- The technical unit of the park in terms of forest produces utilization
- The functional link between the conservation and development issues in and around the park
- Identify and implement ICDP activities in and around park
- Should monitor, evaluate and report all ICDP & Extension activities within and around the park
- Sign MoUs with the recipient/beneficiaries of the ICDP activities
- Monitor if the terms and conditions of the MoUs are followed or not in close consultation with the PROs and take timely actions to the defaulters if necessary
- Organize the ICDP Coordination Meetings at the Park HQ and coordinate the same at the PROs
- Conduct socio economic studies and survey within and around the park
- Conduct PRA/RRA in and around the park as and when need arises
ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION & AWARENESS UNIT
- The main unit for Environmental Education & Awareness activities in the park
- The focal unit for office campus beatification of park HQ and PROs
- Guardian of the Visitor center, audiovisual equipments, and botanical garden
- Serve as the herbarium showcase of the park
- Focal unit for ecotourism activities in and around the park
- Focal unit studies on cultural and religious sites in and around the park
- Conduct environmental education and conservation awareness campaigns to the relevant target groups in and around the park and report to the management
- Find out the EEA needs of the target groups
- Educate the visitors about the conservation significance of BWS
- Proper care and maintenance of the visitor center, audiovisual equipments, and botanical garden
- The beautification of PRO and park HQ office premises
- Identification of ecotourism trek routes inside the park
- Compile information on the cultural and religious sites in and around the park
- Maintain the herbarium collection of the important plants founds inside the park
- Development of park information centers at the entry of check points.
- Educate the pilgrims on nature conservation and proper waste disposal
- Monitor the impact of EEA activities and submit report to the management
PARK RANGE OFFICES
- The main implementer of Park Management activities in the field
- The guardian of park resources (flora and fauna
- The main bridge between the communities and park management
- Bridge between park management and other field sectors
- Conduct regular patrolling and monitoring of activities within the area of jurisdiction
- Submit monthly report of field observations
- Allocate Park Resources as per the approval of the Department and subsequent approval from the Park Manager
- Implement ICDP, Research, and EEA activities as per the operational plan, under the supervision of unit In-charges
- Render help and support to the unit in-charges during their field visits
- Coordinate activities with relevant field sectors, community leaders and the communities
- Any activity related to forestry done by the outsiders should be informed immediately to the park management
- Monitor the activities of visitors to the park areas and check their entry permits