Introduction – Phrumsengla National Park

Gazetted in 1998 with an area of 905 km2 and with huge expanses of some of the last remaining stands of cool temperate broadleaved forests and old fir growth in the entire Himalayas, Phrumsengla National park is home to some of the world’s most endangered flora and fauna.

Mission: Managing Bhutan’s natural heritage

Vision: Ensuring Conservation landscapes and species persistence in the Eastern Himalayas


  • Conservation and protection of Cool Temperate broadleaf Forests and old growth Fir Forests
  • Conservation and protection of prime habitat for Royal Bengal Tiger and Red Panda
  • Managing settlements and development within the park boundaries
  • Ensuring landscape and species persistence within the park boundaries
  • Ensuring harmonious coexistence of park and settlements

Location and Topogarphy

Phrumsengla National park falls within the political boundaries of four Dzongkhags (districts) – Bumthang, Mongar, Lhuentse and Zhemgang. The elevation ranges from 800 meters above sea level (masl) in the south to more than 4500 masl in the north. The vegetation ranges from subtropical broadleaf to alpine grassland.


There are about 5500 people living in and around the park. Two villages enclaved inside the park are Sengor village (29 households), Saleng Geog and Bim-Tharpaling (4 households), Chumey Geog under Mongar and Bumthang Dzongkhag respectively. These people are agro-pastoralist and vastly depend on forest for grazing their cattle in the forests.


With wide variation of altitudinal ranges, Phrumsengla National Park experiences wide range of temperatures as well. The northern part of the park has -210 C minimum and 130 C maximum temperatures and in the south-eastern has low of 80 C and high of 280 C. The annual average rainfall in the northern part is 700 mm and the lower elevation receives up to 1500 mm.


Phrumsengla National Park can be considered as unique as it has combination of all different vegetation zones of Bhutan.

  • Alpine zone: occurs above 4000 m
  • Subalpine conifer zone: 2600 – 4200 m
  • Temperate coniferous forest: 2100 – 3000 m
  • Cool temperate broad-leaved forest: 2000 – 2900+ m
  • Warm temperate broad-leaved forest: 1000 – 2000 + m
  • Subtropical zone: 150 – 1000 + m

The riparian ecosystem vertically links all ecological zones from alpine snows to swollen subtropical rivers.

More than 623 plants species occur in Phrumsengla National Park, comprising of 152 medicinal plants and 21 species endemic to Bhutan. Rhododendrons flowers and add beauty to pristine fir forests at the higher elevation.

Phrumsengla National Park is home to 71 species of mammals. The Royal Bengal Tigers (Panthera tigris) has been recorded as high as 2950 meters above sea level. The Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) are frequently sighted along the national highway. The other mammal species such as Himalayan Black Bear, Common Leopard, Clouded leopard, Musk Deer, Golden cat are commonly sighted.

Phrumsengla National Park offers one of the best bird watching destinations in Asia. A record of 361 bird species includes globally threatened Rufous-necked Hornbill (Aceros nipalensis), Beautiful Nuthatch (Sitta formosa), Pallas’s Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus), Chestnut-breasted Partridge (Arborophila mandellii) and other rare species like Yellow-rumped Honeyguide (Indicator xanthonotus), Ward’s Tragon (Harpectes wardi), Tawny Fish Owl (Ketupa flavipes). Every year park receives lots of tourist who are interested I bird watching.

Tourism and Recreation

The beautiful landscapes and high wildlife sighting potentials in Phrumsengla National Park can in future attract high number of tourist. The national high passing through the park offers easy access to most the park’s ecological zones.

Visitor Center

For complete information on the park, you can visit Phrumsengla Visitor Center at Ura. It is designed to provide education and information to tourist at a glance. You can visit our Sub-Range Office at Sengor for any assistance (55 kms from Park head office, Ura).

Beautiful Landscape

Phrumsengla National Park offers some of the country’s fascinating landscapes. Phrumsengla Pass on the highway overlooks Bhutan’s highest Peak Gangkar Phuensum on clear day. The Bribdungla is well known for hundred alpine lakes and alpine grassland and can be best visited from March to May and September to December.

Cliffs and Water falls

The rocky clips and wild waterfalls form unique features of Phrumsengla’s pristine landscapes. It is within this landforms the gift of humanity is conserved. Amongst many, Namling waterfall is one that many will remember in their life time.

Wildlife watching

Driving through highway and trekking inside the national parks is unfortable venture for the nature lovers. From little Pica to large Himalayan Balck bears, and bold leopard to shy Red Panda roams freely in the wild.

Trekking in PNP

Trekking is another promising scope TNP can offer. Rhodungla and Bribdungla are some of the high mountain breathtaking trek and some of the lower elevation treks are Kheng Shingkhar and Latongla Trek. One can also enjoy the National High way trek from Lirigang till Lingmithang. Ura to Gezamchu Trek offers easy 5 hrs trek. Most of this trek routes takes you through different vegetation zones and potential wildlife habitats. The best season to trek in TNP is April to June and September to November.

  • Rodungla Trek: 4 days and moderately tough
  • Bribdungla Trek: 5 days, moderately tough
  • Ura-Shingkahr Trek: 4 days, moderately tough
  • Omdurpang to Zhongar: 1 day or two days (relaxed). Good birding sites.

Bird watching

Phrumsengla National Park is home to many beautiful birds of different status. The national highway is commonly used treks for birding where we have areas for sighting Rufous-necked Hornbill, Ward’s Tragon and Yellow-rumped Honeyguide. The best birding season is November to May.

Rhododendron Garden

If you are driving through National Highway, we encourage you to take 45 minutes walk through our In-situ Rhododendron Garden at Phrumsengla top. There are 22 rhododendron species inside the garden. The best season to visit this garden is from March to May.

Hot stone Bath

If you stop at Ura, you can camp at Lirichu camping site and go for hotstone bathing at Drakchu. It is popularly known as Drupchu and believed to hold curative, recuperative and healing properties of body, mind and soul.

Mushroom hunting

Ura valley is known for highly valuable fungi called Matsutake, locally known as Sagay Shamu. The local community of Ura offers Mushroom picking package for tourist every year from July to October. You can pick as many as 50 species of edible mushroom from the wild and our local people will guide you.

Local Festivals

Many of the communities in and around the park hold secret Lhakhangs and traditional festivals. Some of the popular festivals are Ura Yakchu (11th to 15th of third month) and Shingkhar Rabney (6th to 10th of the tenth month). Matsutake festival in Ura is another fascinating event, held every year on 23rd and 24th August.

Accommodation service

Hotels are available at Ura, Shingkhar, Sengor and Yongkola. The catering services are available only at Ura and Sengor and for other places you have to carry your foods.

Home-stays are available at Ura and Shingkhar. It offers you the best chance to experience traditional village life and know the true culture of Bhutan. To choose your best host, please ask local administration office or Park office for the list. Your friendly host will offer you all the available local cuisines and beverages.

Community lodge are available at Sengor. You can contact local Tshogpa or park officials at Sengor guard post for prior booking.

Camping areas are available along the national Highway and along the trekking routes. You should carry your own camping equipments. The best season to camp in Phrumsengla is Mach to May.

How to get there?

Phrumsengla National Park is connected by east-west highway. You can drive in your personal car from Thimphu or catch any of the bus services directly to Ura or halt at Chamkhar. The park head office is one and half an hour drive from Chamkhar. Form Mongar, you can drive through the national park for three hours to reach Sengor.

Our contacts:

  • PhrumsenglaNational Park
  • Department of Forests and Park Services
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Forests
  • Ura: Bumthang
  • Mobile: +975 77192125/ 77192123
  • Email:

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